5 heartburn and acid reflux foods

Heartburn is common with spicy foods. Healthline reports that spicy foods can aggravate heartburn by irritating the esophagus.

Peppermint relaxes the stomach-esophagus sphincter, letting stomach acids back in.

According to Harvard Health, fatty and oily foods take longer to digest, so stomach acid is more likely to enter the esophagus and produce heartburn.

These foods are high in fat, which slows stomach emptying and backs up stomach acid into the esophagus, according to Cooper University Health Care.

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Citrus, tomatoes, and fruit juices can irritate a damaged esophagus and cause GERD, according to the American College of Gastroenterology.

Both carbonated and caffeinated beverages relax the esophageal sphincter, increasing acid reflux and heartburn risk, study shows. 

One study indicated that carbonated drinkers had a 63% increased risk of acid reflux or heartburn.

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